Since 2008, the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) through the International Climate Initiative (IKI) has been financing projects on climate change and biodiversity protection in developing, emerging and transition countries. IKI projects focus on four main areas of financing: Reduction of greenhouse gases, adaptation to the impacts of climate change, conservation of natural carbon sinks (with a focus on reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+)) and the protection of biodiversity.
In order to enhance a transparent performance assessment of the financing instrument and to steer the IKI, BMU-independent evaluations of IKI projects are carried out as part of monitoring and reporting. In 2019, the second project evaluation was started which included 175 projects overall which were evaluated in a standardized manner. The aim of the evaluations was to provide accountability to the German Bundestag and support and improve an effective, operational and strategic programme management and to highlight success factors of the IKI.
The second project evaluation cycle was carried out by a consortium led by adelphi in cooperation with Arepo Consult, GOPA Worldwide Consultants, Center for Evaluation (CEval) and FAKT.
The projects evaluated were carried out by different organizations including GIZ, IUCN, WWF, TNC and others.
- FAKT conducted desk 26 evaluations in Africa, Asia and Latin America on the topics of climate change adaption, biodiversity conservation, protected area management, forest and landscape restauration (FLR), REDD+ and agroforestry.
- The individual projects are systematically evaluated based on the OECD-DAC criteria as well as other programme-specific criteria. The evaluation methodology included a standardized evaluation matrix and results were compiled in evaluation reports.
- Lessons learned from the evaluation project may contribute to better programme planning and management of the BMU and the IKI Secretariat (ZUG) in the future.